Liquid wastes are just as bad as non-biodegradable wastes. Improper treatment of liquid wastes is one of the biggest causes of water pollution. Aside from producing a foul smell, they also attract and become breeding grounds for insects such as mosquitoes and flies, which can transfer different types of diseases.
Households and businesses alike are having a hard time disposing of their liquid wastes. To guide you, here are the most effective waste management and sewage treatment systems you can utilise:
On-site disposal system
This method is cost-efficient and easy to install and implement. However, it is not as effective as the other systems because the soakage soil used is not as good as clays. This method is also not advisable for households and businesses that dispose of huge amounts of liquid waste and those that are located in flood-prone areas.
Effluent (wastewater) disposal system
In this method, wastes from a community are led into lagoons or tanks via large pipes. Many find this efficient since the wastes are disposed of as one, cutting off the expenses. However, the community must decide on things like the depth of groundwater, location, and the space to be used for the accommodation of this system.
Full sewage system
This is highly recommended because the liquid wastes are led into a lagoon via sewage pipes, and a septic tank comes before the lagoon to treat them. The water wastes also go through a series of cutting blades, which break up any solid matter in the sewage before it enters the lagoon.
Whatever method or system your family or community chooses, be sure to consider the budget, location and flood rate in your area.